This guide was written by Francine Carrel, Assistant Editor of Guides.Global (firstname.lastname@example.org).
It was written on 6 February 2017. The law and practice in Turkey change all the time. Our guides are updated as frequently as possible - typically every three years - but may be out of date.
Our guides are prepared by professionals from many countries. They are, of necessity, both brief and general and can take no account of your personal circumstances. They are intended to be a good introduction to the subject BUT ARE NO SUBSTITUTE FOR PROPER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE, which our contributors will usually be happy to provide upon request.
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This guide is about utilities in Turkey (water, electric & gas) - prices and how to get connected.
According to Numbeo, your monthly utility costs (Basic - Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage - for 85m2 Apartment) in Turkey are likely to be around:
|City||Numbeo cost of living Feb 2017 (TRY/₺)|
Use the currency converter below to work out how much this is in your own currency.FreeCurrencyRates.com
Electricity outlets in Turkey operate at 220 volts, 50Hz. They are compatible with the standard European two-prong plug (below).
One thing to be aware of if you'll be relying on adapaters - particularly if you are adapting from the large British plugs - is that Turkish sockets are often quite recessed, and so certain adaptors won't be suitable. Turkey Travel Planner shows some examples of suitable adapters.
Until recently, all electricity in Turkey was supplied by state-run TEDAŞ. Now there are more local suppliers. Lots of these will have at least some online information in English but, if you can, it is far easier to visit their local office. Take with you a meter reading and proof of address.
Bills are received monthly, quarterly or (rarely) annually. It's best to pay your bills through direct debit, or manually online, to avoid the foibles of the Turkish postal system.
In the first half of 2016, household consumers paid, on average, ₺0.41 (€0.1) per kWh of electricity.
Some major cities (e.g. Istanbul and Ankara) offer connections to 'mains' gas. Again, to arrange connection, take a meter reading and visit the local supplier's office.
The majority of Turkey, though, is not serviced by piped gas. They receive delivered tüp gaz - bottled gas. This is usually delivered (set up a regular delivery by visiting the local supplier) and paid for, in cash, upon delivery. It's a good idea to get the supplier to connect the gas bottle for you. A 12kg refill cylinder will cost about TRY85, though this will vary by city. Check your local prices here.
In the first half of 2016, household consumers paid, on average, ₺1.16 (€0.29) per m3 of natural gas.
Tap water in Turkey is generally safe to drink, though many expats prefer bottled water ("better safe than sorry").
Water is supplied to houses by the local municipality. Prices vary by city but are generally cheap (think ₺2.50/€0.62 per cubic metre).
This is organised by the municipality, and so varies from region to region. Generally you can expect to pay around ₺70 (£17.50) per year for trash collection in Turkey.
Internet can either be supplied by TurkTelekom as part of your telephone package or by your mobile telephone operator, who will provide a 3G or 4G connection.
An TurkTelekom connection will cost you about TRY69 per month for unlimited usage. Most mobile connections are more expensive and the charge varies with the amount you use.
The broadband bandwidth, except in the most rural areas, is a minimum of 25mbps and can rise to 50mbps, depending upon where you live (although a very high speed connection is, of course, far more expensive). The average download speed in Turkey in 2016 is 16mbps in Istanbul, about 11mbps in other big cities and less elsewhere. An average of 14.2mbps. This is about on a par with Germany (13.9mbps) and the UK (14.9mbps) but well behind the US(55mbps).
Both services – broadband and mobile - are reliable. Both services tend to slow down when the children get back from school!
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|Turkey Country Guide
Essential facts and figures about Turkey
I hope you have found this guide useful. If you need any further help, please contact me.Francine Carrel 6 February 2017
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