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Coming to Turkey to Start a Business

This guide was written by Başak Yıldız Orkun, Managing Partner at Orkun & Orkun (info@orkunorkun.com) in collaboration with Guides.Global (office@guides.global).

It was written on 25 May 2017. The law and practice in Turkey change all the time. Our guides are updated as frequently as possible - typically every three years - but may be out of date.

Our guides are prepared by professionals from many countries. They are, of necessity, both brief and general and can take no account of your personal circumstances. They are intended to be a good introduction to the subject BUT ARE NO SUBSTITUTE FOR PROPER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE, which our contributors will usually be happy to provide upon request.

The advice and opinions contained in the guides are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Guides.Global.

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The scope of this guide

This guide is about your options, should you want to start your own business in Turkey.

You may also want to watch the video version of this guide or download the audio (MP3) guide.

Introduction

Dedicated "starting a business visas" are available in Turkey, but they're so rare as to be largely irrelevant for most of our readers. With that in mind, this guide mainly covers the alternatives.

How to get a visa to start a business in Turkey

People wishing to come to Turkey on a long-term basis in order to set up or run a business will need to apply for an Independent Working Permit.

Independent working permits are very hard to obtain unless you are going to create lots of jobs for local people. Many people thinking of applying for such a visa might find it easier to seek one of the new (January 2017) residence permits and citizenship based on investment or as a highly skilled person – (see our other immigration guides).

Alternatively, they may decide to set up a Turkish company and become a senior employee of that company. On that basis, they would apply for a work permit to work for that company. See our Guide to Coming to Turkey to Work for more information.

The easiest way of doing this is often to come as a director of company you have set up. You can get a permit as a director/shareholder holding at least 20% of the shares of that company provided it has capital of at least TRY100,000 (US$28,000) or turnover of at least TRY800,000 (US$224,000) and employs at least five local people.

Are there restrictions on what I can do?

Turkey is very welcoming when it comes to people wanting to set up new businesses. They realise that new business boosts the economy and creates local employment - and they also recognise that, for historical reasons, Turkey lacks some of the skills required by innovative businesses in the 21st century.

However, certain sectors restrict the involvement of foreigners. For example, you cannot start a school, be a dentist or involved in patient care, be  a vet, pharmacist, hospital director, lawyer, notary or security person, be engaged in fishing, or be a customs agent or tourist guide.

In Turkey, there are also quite a large number of activities where a professional qualification is required. These include many activities which may not be restricted in other countries. For instance:

Professional help

Whatever your method, you'll need to get professional advice before coming to Turkey to start a business. The visa or permit you'll need will depend hugely on your personal circumstances - and you need to check that the business you want to start is even permitted in Turkey.

At the very least, it will make things a lot quicker.

 Description Link 
Turkey Country Guide
Essential facts and figures about Turkey
Click to see this guide
The Immigration System in Turkey
An overview
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey as a Student
Visa & immigration information for foreign students
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey to Retire
Visa & immigration information for foreigners wanting to retire in Turkey
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey to Work
Visa & immigration information for foreigners wanting to work in Turkey
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey to Join Your Family
How do you join a family member who already has Turkish residence?
Click to see this guide
Residence Permits in Turkey
How to apply for, and renew, short- and long-term residence permits in Turkey
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey via Residence for Investment
The "golden visa"
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey on a "Turquoise Visa"
The special Turkish visa for people valuable to the country
Click to see this guide
Coming to Turkey as an Asylum Seeker/Refugee
The rules surrounding refugees in Turkey
Click to see this guide

You may also want to read:

 Description Link 
Residence in Turkey
Government information (in English) about the types of residency permit available for Turkey
Residence in Turkey
Application form for Residence Permit in Turkey
Government application form for residence (non-working) permit in Turkey
Application form for Residence Permit in Turkey
How to Get a Work Permit in Turkey
From the Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey
How to Get a Work Permit in Turkey
Citizenship Information for Turkey
Click the 'citizenship' tab.
Citizenship Information for Turkey
Information for Refugees in Turkey
From the United Nations.
Information for Refugees in Turkey

Readers' Comments

 

Further information?

I hope you have found this guide useful. If you need any further help, please contact me.

Başak Yıldız Orkun

25 May 2017


 

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